Ways of reducing the cost were partly addressed in the recent report by the Australasian Railway Association on the 'Costs of Commuting' and the importance of the issue has been reinforced by the front page piece on the report 'City Limits' (http://grattan.edu.au/report/city-limits-why-australias-cities-are-broken-and-how-we-can-fix-them) in the West Australian of 2nd March 2015.
|West Australian, 2nd March, 2015. Click to enlarge|
By no means all of the opportunities lie in the area of transport itself. Reform of Fringe Benefits Tax and providing greater flexibility in remuneration systems and salary-packaging can achieve substantial benefits with state and federal governments taking the lead - at little or no net cost.